Cahiers


Articles

René Schérer
Industry, Labor, and Joy. Quick graftings on The False Industry

Ultimate “prospectus” written by Charles Fourier, his False Industry insisted again and again on the advantages of harmony based on a civilisation using the family, fragmentation, and the reluctance to work as its “pivots”. Whereas the “inventor” of the new system vainly tried to find some sponsors willing to finance a Phalanstery, his demonstration teemed with ideas likely to help us come to terms with our present society suffering from a neo-liberalism already potentially present in the old mercantile world of the XIXth Century. The major features and differences that have to be taken into account will be described in this article.

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Daniel Chérouvrier
Bernard Desmars
The Saint-Just industrial and agricultural colony in the Marne : a socialist experiment in 1850

In order to realize a project of “agricultural, industrial and commercial colony” presented in a brochure published in 1849 in Troyes, an association was formed in 1850 in Saint-Just (Marne). Because of the paucity of available data, this association, sometimes presented as a "phalanstery" of fourierist inspiration, has remained quite obscure. The purpose of this article is to study this "colony", first by presenting its actors and in particular its two founders, the Napias brothers ; then by examining its characteristics, its activities, and the reasons accounting for its failure ; and finally by observing what happened to those who had participated in this colony after its dissolution.

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Nathalie Brémand
Ange Guépin’s later writings and their connection with fourierism

In the early 1850s, the Nantes doctor and politician Ange Guépin (1805-1873) wrote a book entitled Philosophie du socialisme (The Philosophy of Socialism) later followed by two other works that synthesized his socialist ideas. In these he gave a long description of the world and its evolution resorting to many analogies and formulated proposals to change its social organization. In these writings he also demonstrated a sound knowledge of the theories of Fourier and his disciples, and the socialism and associationism he advocated was largely derived from their ideas.

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Hélène Guérin
Metaphysics of art serving social science : François Sabatier, reading and writing with Fourier

François Sabatier’s manuscripts, deposited in the Montpellier library, reveal the unique ambition, which forms the red thread of this teeming work, to build a bridge between social science and a metaphysics of art. Like Fourier, this polyglot author allowed himself to coin neologisms. The sources used make it possible to link Sabatier’s ideas and commitment. And while this approach devotes much importance to aesthetics and to German philosophy – thus revealing a theoretician and art historian trained through practical criticism –, it also proposes a synoptic presentation of painting under the aegis of explicit realism and of Fourier’s ideas in the field of budding art history.

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Jérôme Duwa
Where are the heirs of the “boy with thorn” ? The last wave of surrealists and their appropriation of Fourierism (1947-1969)

In the wake of Breton’s Ode and of the exclusion of Brauner, Herold, and Matta, how did the new generation of surrealists who joined the group after World War II assimilate the figure of Fourier ? What will be questioned here is their capacity to regenerate surrealist theory and thought, thus raising both political (utopia) and poetical (analogy) stakes. The approaches of Jean Schuster, Jean-Louis Bédouin, Adrien Dax, Philippe Audoin, or Jean-Claude Silbermann will be examined in this twofold perspective, as well as the last collective Parisian exhibit invoking l’Écart absolu (the absolute doubt) in 1965.

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Documents

Charles Fourier
An unpublished letter from Charles Fourier to Nicolas Lemoyne (1834)

Expérimentations

Chantal Guillaume
The naturian anarchists according to François Jarrige
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Michel Antony
The Try of Aiglemont (1903-1909), a free environment in the Ardennes and its transposition into a graphic novel by Nicolas Debon (2015)
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Chantal Guillaume
The path to Utopia
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Michel Antony
About "the slaves of slaves" (Elena Bignami, “Le schiave degli schiavi”. La question femminile dal socialismo utopistico all’anarchismo italiano (1825-1917), Bologne, Clueb, 2011)
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Notes de lecture

Bernard Desmars
AUDIER Serge : La Société écologique et ses ennemis. Pour une histoire alternative de l’émancipation (2017)
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Jean-Claude Sosnowski
AUSSEL Michel : Le Docteur Ange Guépin. Nantes, du Saint-Simonisme à la République (2016)
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Florent Perrier
BRIX Michel : L’Amour libre. Brève histoire d’une utopie (2016)
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Pierre-Luc Abramson
BUBER Martin : Utopie et socialisme (2016)
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Michel Antony
DEJACQUE Joseph : À bas les chefs ! Écrits libertaires (2016)
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Michel Antony
LAGEDAMON Pierre-Henri : Travail, temps libre et socialisme. Le temps du travailleur dans la pensée d’Owen, Fourier, Cabet et Proudhon (2016)
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Michel Antony
LEON Javier : Apoyo mutuo y cooperación en las Comunidades utópicas. Identidad, valores, experiencias comunitarias y redes sociales alternativas en las sociedades postmaterialistas (2016)
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Stéphane Gacon
PANNI Frédéric K., FONTAINE Hugues (dir.) : L’Album du Familistère (2017)
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Florent Perrier
19.SCHERER René : Fouriériste aujourd’hui (2017)
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Bernard Desmars
SORLOT Marc : Jean-Baptiste Godin. Un industriel utopiste. L’aventure du familistère (2017)
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Patrick Samzun
Rêves et passions d’un chercheur militant. Mélanges offerts à Ronald Creagh (2016)
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Pierre-Luc Abramson
TARCUS Horacio : El socialismo romántico en el Río de la Plata (1837-1752) (2016)
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